Of Special Interest


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18th December 2011

Swiss Re sigma study reviews catastrophe costs

According to the latest Swiss Re sigma study, 2011 will be the year with the highest catastrophe-related economic losses in history, at E350bn. 2011 would have been the costliest year ever for the insurance industry if Japan had been more fully insured.
According to preliminary estimates from Swiss Re’s sigma team, total insured losses for the global insurance industry from natural catastrophes and man-made disasters reached $108bn in 2011. This is more than double the figure of $48bn in 2010. Claims from natural catastrophes alone reached $103bn in 2011, compared to only $43bn last year.
In 2011, total economic losses to society (both insured and uninsured) due to disasters reached an estimated $350bn, compared to E226bn in 2010. The earthquake in Japan accounts for most of this year’s economic losses. More than 30 000 people lost their lives due to catastrophes in the first eleven months of the year, most of them in Japan.
Kurt Karl, Swiss Re’s chief economist, says “2011 is going down as another year of very tragic and costly earthquakes. Unfortunately earthquake insurance coverage is still quite low, even in some industrialised countries with high seismic risk, like Japan. So on top of people losing their loved ones, societies are faced with enormous financial losses that have to be borne by either corporations, relief organisations or governments and, ultimately, taxpayers.”
2011 ranks as nearly the most expensive year for the insurance industry according to sigma records, second only to 2005 (E123bn). Moderate hurricane losses have kept costs lower than in 2005, the year when hurricanes Katrina, Wilma and Rita alone caused claims of over E100bn.
If Japan had been as well insured as other countries with high seismic risk, such as New Zealand, the overall industry tally would have been much higher. Even so, in terms of catastrophe claims, 2011 ranks as the second costliest year in history for the insurance industry. Additional claims from the ongoing massive floods in Thailand or from winter storms which may yet hit Europe have the potential to bring figures for the full year even closer to the record claims in 2005.
In addition to the earthquakes in Japan and New Zealand, severe flooding in Thailand and Australia triggered above $10bn in insurance claims. Two massive tornado events in the US caused nearly $14bn in claims and the loss of more than 400 lives. Hurricane Irene cost the industry nearly $5bn in property damage.
At more than $47m, earthquake-insured claims for 2011 are the highest ever recorded. Japan’s earthquake was the largest known–in terms of magnitude–to have ever hit the country, costing the insurance industry an estimated $35bn. However, the insured losses were only a fraction of the total losses. Estimated to be at least $210bn, the total economic losses are likely to be much higher once damage to nuclear facilities and disruption to worldwide supply chains are included. By way of comparison, the earthquake which hit New Zealand in February caused economic losses of $15bn. However, thanks to high earthquake insurance penetration rates, particularly in residential properties, the insurance industry will pay most of the losses.